FACTS
PERCEPTIONS/HYPOTHESES
  • A representative set of frog and toad species are killed by dilute Camphor extracts in local water (published).
  • The carcinogen safrole is found in leaf at up to 4.5% (NSW Ag) in randomly selected chemotype; low %(<0.5%) in others.
  • Carcinogenic safrole found in bark of certain Lismore camphor laurel at up to 43%, tending higher to 74% of oil in bark of specific Camphor chemotype 'Yellow G leaf.
  • Dead birds (pigeon spp and Lewins Honeyeaters) found under known Camphor laurel chemotype trees with 'H safrole characteristics', and which most other birds generally ignore!
  • Us EPA lists safrole as being able to ca use acute toxicity and death of birds species (2000/www).
  • Flying fox commences eating Camphor laurel chemotypes.
  • Native Rainbowfish killed by camphor toxins (Bishop 1993 pub.) and SCU continues to ignore repeat testing.
  • CSIRO proves in Bird Survey of NSW North Coast that even Silvereyes (small bird sp) ate Camphor laurels (1960-80)
  • NE NSW amateur ornithologists & Green environmentalists assert that camphors must stay since some remnant native birds, eg Whiteheaded Pigeon, still eat them! But no-one checks on bird fertility.
  • Environment movement and Greens fail to invoke Precautionary Principle, or take Camphor laurel seriously.
  • Poultry and geese become infertile after consuming bulk/significant volumes of Camphor seed off mature trees (1948-2000). The above fact AND request for research to be done into this commercial problem ignored 100%by NSW Agriculture, to this day!
  • Horses, singly and in groups, have died as a result of varied symptoms in Autumn time in NSW and Queensland, consuming camphor bark (cambium) off certain trees (1945-2000).
  • One of the Alkaloids in the bark of Camphor laurels (all?) was proved to be capable of killing mice in tests by the CSIRO (1948-1995).
  • Camphor molecule and/or its metabolites have killed human infants and poisoned adults (University of Adelaide). Roots and rootlets of most, if not all,
  • Camphor laurels excrete seasonally high volumes of CL toxins and these 'oil Exudation Glands' Kew Botanical Gardens) may exude all the 3 or 4 groups of Camphor toxins into the soil, but certainly some.
  • After consuming prunings of lopped Camphor laurel trees (NSW Dept. of Education) Kempsey, for 15 months, it was realised a herd of goats had become sterile, and they ALL died (2001-2002).
  • Camphor toxin molecule is contra- indicated for pregnant females; may cause abortion/infertility/humans.
  • Frogs in NE NSW region seriously affected by Camphors in proximity to within 20ms of breeding areas.
  • Safrole could well be/can be safely assumed as being eaten by many remnant koalas, but not previously in history - as Eucalyptus spp. has no safrole.
  • Possums found to be occasionally eating bark, and becoming rare/rarely sighted in Lismore and surrounding villages.
  • Bird bio-diversity decreasing over last few years around Lismore with crows and other feral species taking the place of a once beautiful set of diverse native pigeons including now defunct population of White headed pigeons - only 5 years ago common around Lismore, now not found.
  • Correlation to/with declining population of Lismore flying foxes.
  • Biggest fish deaths (February 2001) and koala kill-off in Richmond River history linked to Camphor.
  • Terania Creek fish diversity extremely low; bio-diversity of stream declining in 5 years of observations.
  • 'Feral, fluoro-political' Greens in Lismore arrogant and bloody minded; patently disinterested in the existence of carcinogens in Camphor laurel.
  • The demise of Silvereye and Blue-faced Honeyeater - both once common in Camphor (1950-1980) implicates Camphor laurels' toxins and those species' consumption.

  • Toxic compound that sterilises bird species is in the seed and/or flesh of fruits of some or all Camphor laurel chemotypes.
  • NSW Agriculture acts unethically and irresponsibly in connection with most if not all facets of Camphor laurel research/lack of research.
  • The 'killer toxins' that can poison and terminate the life of predisposed horses (on certain soils?) are rich in the bark of certain Camphor chemotypes.
  • Both Alkaloids in Camphor laurels of most types reach highest concentrations in Autumn/end of summer, and have high/moderate acute (mammalian) toxicity.
  • Camphor toxins (ketones) and/or their sterol derivatives are toxic in the estuarine and fresh water environments.
  • Due to naturally existing saponins (for example soap chemicals natural in old R/F soils, as on North Coast of NSW & SE Qld, normally quite insoluble toxins are becoming slowly dissolved, hence to pollute waterways.
  • Infertility and acute toxicity (causing death). Camphor laurel toxins (safrole/ alkaloids and camphor) may well both be in significant percentage volumes in a range of Camphor chemotypes (bark and leaf).
  • Faunal sterility/infertility appears to be seasonally cumulative and reversible, and is most likely due to eating excessive camphor itself.